General Assembly Resolution # 552
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.
Category: Civil Rights
Proposed by: South St Maarten
The World Assembly,
Affirming that all children should be granted the privilege of citizenship in a nation at birth,
Further Affirming that children, at birth, should not be deemed stateless due to the location of their birth,
Understanding that the location and time at which the birth of a child occurs occurs is natural and unpredictable,
Realizing that children are intermittently born in a nation that their parents are neither citizens nor residents of, or in which they are residents but not citizens,
Concerned that no legislation currently exists regarding the citizenship of such children,
Dismayed that, while this body has already acted to prevent member states from arbitrarily making their citizens stateless through GA#386 "Reducing Statelessness", it has never legislated to protect the citizenships of children who would otherwise be born stateless in the first place, and
Concluding that this oversight must be addressed in the form of international legislation, hereby enacts as follows:
In this resolution,
Jus sanguinis refers to a nationality law in which citizenship is determined by the citizenship of the biological parent(s).
Age of majority shall be defined as an age, set by each individual member nation, where a child takes on the full responsibilities of adulthood and furthermore assumes legal control over their actions and decisions.
In such cases where an individual would otherwise be stateless, in following jus sanguinis, all children of citizens of member nations shall be granted citizenship in all nations in which their parent(s) are citizens, regardless of their location of birth.
Nations with laws that prohibit citizenships other than their own being held by any of their citizens must not enforce such laws against these citizens until they reach the age of majority.
All children shall receive their citizenship(s) at birth and must retain them in perpetuity, unless they are revoked in accordance with procedures outlined in national or international law, voluntarily renounced, or terminated in accordance with Article 5.
If one of the multiple citizenships of a person has been passed down more than three generations without any of those generations living in that nation, the relevant nation may terminate that person's citizenship when they reach the age of majority.