We, the People of the United Democratic States of the Republic of Llamas, wish to protect ourselves, our prosperity, and our liberties. In order to do this, we form a government, that shall always be for the people, and ruled by the people, and which shall be governed according to the following constitution.
Article I: The Legislative Branch
Section 1. All legislative powers granted in this article shall be vested into a legislative branch that shall henceforth be called the Congress.
Section 2. Each State (Administrative divisions are described in Article IV) shall receive two delegates, along with one more delegate for each one million people contained in its borders. Each territory shall receive only the two delegates, with no additional delegates for population.
Section 3. Delegates shall be elected once every five years. The specific way in which delegates are elected shall be decided upon by Congress through the use of law. In the case of a national emergency, Congress may call a snap election by a two-thirds majority.
Section 4. When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, the Executive of that state shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. When vacancies happen in the representation from any territory, the President of the United Democratic States of the Republic of Llamas shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.
Section 5. All delegates in Congress may vote upon bills. If the majority of Congress votes in favor of a bill, it shall become a law.
Section 6. Congress may, by a two-thirds majority, choose to remove any person from political office.
Section 7. Congress has the power to decide what the specific requirements for voting are, and these shall affect all formal elections within the United Democratic States, be they of a state, a territory, a dependency, or the federal government. However, no distinction may be made on the basis of gender, sexual orientation, or race.
Section 8. Congress shall have the following powers:
To pass laws determining the amount and form of taxation;
To borrow money on the credit of the Republic of Llamas;
To repay loans of the individual states or of the Republic of Llamas;
To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts, Tariffs, and Excises;
To regulate commerce;
To establish a uniform system of weights and measures which shall be used throughout the Republic of Llamas;
To create courts inferior to the Supreme Court;
To create and regulate a federal district which shall be the seat of the government of the Republic of Llamas;
To establish an official currency which shall be uniform throughout the Republic of Llamas;
To provide a manner in which inventions and arts may be protected, through the creation of patents and copyrights;
To define and punish crimes committed on the high seas and offenses against the law of nations;
To raise and provide for the armed forces, through the creation of laws, and to regulate them;
And to create any laws which shall be deemed necessary, good, and proper for the carrying out of the principles stated in the preamble.
Article II: The Executive Branch
Section 1. Every five years, elections will be held for the position of President of the United Democratic States of the Republic of Llamas. The specific manner in which these elections are carried out shall be decided upon through law by Congress.
Section 2. The President shall be head of the executive branch. It is his or her duty to ensure that all laws created by Congress are carried out.
Section 3. The President may create departments and sub-divisions of departments with the funds granted to him by law in order to execute his duties; however, laws may also be created that determine in what way the money he is granted must be used.
Section 4. The President may veto any decision made by Congress, excepting that Congress passed the decision by at least a 60% majority vote.
Section 5. Should the President, for any reason, become incapable of performing his duty or leave office, the Prime Minister shall become the Acting President of the United Democratic States until such a time when the incumbent president either becomes capable of doing his job or the next President takes office.
Section 6. The pay for holding the office of President shall be determined upon by Congress, but once decided, the pay may not be changed until the end of the current President's term.
Section 7. In order to run for the office of President, a candidate must have been a citizen of the United Democratic States for at least twelve years and must state that any claims to citizenship of other nations must come secondly to their duty to the nation as President of the United Democratic States of the Republic of Llamas. No President may ever be elected to more than two fully-served terms.
Section 8. The Prime minister will be the second-highest ranking executive official in the Republic of Llamas, and shall be chosen by Congress upon vacancy of the office. The Prime minister may be expelled from office by congress through a majority vote.
Article III: The Judicial Branch
Section 1. The judicial power of The United Democratic States of the Republic of Llamas shall be vested into one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their services a compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.
Section 2. The judicial power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority; — to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls; — to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction; to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party; to Controversies between two or more States; between a State and Citizens of another State; between Citizens of different States; between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.
In all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, and those in which a state shall be party, the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before mentioned, the supreme court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.
The trial of all crimes shall be by jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.
Treason against the United Democratic States of the Republic of Llamas shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.
Section 3. The supreme court may review any law passed within the Republic of Llamas and strike it down if it is deemed unconstitutional.
Article IV: States, Territories, and Dependencies
Section 1. The Republic of Llamas shall henceforth be divided into three different kinds of administrative divisions. These shall be called states, territories, and dependencies.
Section 2. Territories are under the direct jurisdiction of the federal government. Any powers typically reserved for the states are reserved for the federal government to exercise or delegate within the boundaries of a territory.
Section 3. If a territory or a dependency wishes to become a state, it may do so. In order to become a state, a territory or dependency must contain at least two million people. It shall write its constitution, which must contain guarantees of a democratic form of government, and decide upon its borders. These shall be sent to be approved by both the majority of Congress and the President of the United Democratic States of the Republic of Llamas. If these are approved, the territory or dependency shall become a state.
Section 4. The President of the United Democratic States of the Republic of Llamas must approve any changes made to a state's constitution.
Section 5. A territory or state may become a dependency, if it wishes to do so. In order to do this, a referendum must be held. If a majority of the state or territory's population supports the becoming of a dependency, then Congress shall vote upon the issue. If both they, and the President of The United Democratic States of the Republic of Llamas, agree that the territory or state should become a dependency, then it shall do so.
Section 6. If a state or dependency wishes to secede, then its government may send a list of grievances to Congress. Congress will then vote upon the issue of the state or dependency's secession. If Congress votes in favor, a referendum shall be held within the state or dependency to decide whether the state or dependency will become independent.
Section 7. States may pass any laws, so long as these do not conflict with a law passed by the federal government. Should a federal law conflict with a state law, the state law shall be repealed.
Section 8. If a dependency's law conflicts with any law of the federal government, excluding the Constitution, the dependency's law shall take precedence within the boundaries of the dependency. The Constitution, however, takes precedence over laws passed by dependencies. A dependency may not establish an armed force; form treaties with states, dependencies, or foreign lands; issue letters of marque; or hire mercenary forces.
Article V: The Rights of the People
Section 1. The Republic of Llamas shall always retain a republican and democratic form of government. This section may not be amended or repealed.
Section 2. Congress shall make no law abridging the freedom of speech, whether symbolic or literal, excepting in cases when a clear and imminent danger is posed by what is said; nor shall they abridge the freedom of the press, excepting in the cases when a clear and imminent danger is posed by what is printed; the freedom of peaceable assembly; the freedom of religion; the freedom of the people to peacefully petition the government for a redress of grievances; and the right of Habeas Corpus, excepting in times of emergency, and then for no longer than one year and six months. This section may not be amended or repealed.
Section 3. Congress shall not excessively infringe upon the right to bear arms, but may place restrictions on where, when, and how these arms can be used, as well as, to some degree, what arms can be used.
Section 4. No person shall ever be forced or required to quarter soldiers, excepting in cases of national emergency, and then for no longer that two years.
Section 5. The accused shall always have the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury.
Section 6. No person shall ever be tried twice for the same crime, or tried for the committing of a crime before it was outlawed.
Section 7. No person shall be treated unequally on the basis of race, gender, or sexual orientation. In addition, they may not be segregated, excepting in cases in which all segregated parts are equal and have been ordered for a reasonable cause.
Section 8. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
Section 9. The right of the people to be have privacy in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall be issued, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
Section 10. The inclusion of these rights in the constitution shall not be constructed in a manner so as to disparage any other rights, which shall also be protected under the law. This section may not be amended or repealed.
Section 11. Congress can, and must, protect the stated above rights through the use of appropriate legislation. This section may not be amended or repealed.
Article VI: Amending the Constitution
Section 1. An amendment may be proposed by any member of Congress or by the legislature of a state.
Section 2. In order to be passed, an amendment must be approved by a majority of Congress, as well as the President. Then, the amendment shall be sent to the states for them to approve. If at least three-fifths of the states ratify the amendment, then the amendment shall come into effect as part of the Constitution of the he United Democratic States of The Republic of Llamas.
Section 3. If necessary, the entire Constitution may be repealed and then re-written. However, in order to do this, a referendum must be held, and at least two thirds of the population must vote in favor of replacing the Constitution.